Posts Tagged ‘The Great Depression’


On January 5, 1931, German politicians are urged by Hjalmar Schacht, recent president of Germany’s central bank, to include Hitler’s political party -the National Socialists- in a coalition government after being impressed by his eloquence and the strength of his political convictions. Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and other Congress Party members are released from prison in India by the Brits on January 26th. As a remedy for the Great Depression in the United States and to improve President Herbert Hoover’s popularity, the Hoover administration added 245 federal agents on February 1st to force the removal and deportation of 500,000 Mexicans as well as other foreign-born U.S. citizens. The President, on the 9th, then followed up with an opposition to a bill that would have allowed veterans the ability to borrow against a pension fund in their attempt to survive the Depression; calling such a bill a “breach of fundamental principle.” Meanwhile, the U.S. Republican Political Party finds funds for the approval for the state of California to begin the building of a bridge from San Francisco to Oakland on February 20th. A U.S. legislative attempt on March 3rd is rejected that would propose to create a federal unemployment insurance program. On March 5th, Indian Leader Mohandas Gandhi signs an agreement with The British viceroy of India to discontinue civil disobedience, thereby freeing all Indian political prisoners and lifting the salt tax. Eleven days later, 250 peaceful Muslim protesters are fired upon in what becomes known as the Kanpur Massacre. Citizens of the United States in the state of Nevada witness the legalization of gambling on March 17th. Three Indian revolutionaries, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev, who fought for India’s independence were hanged by the British on March 23rd, charged with killing a British police officer. April 6th, a trial gets under way for nine African-American Alabama ‘boys,’ the Scottsboro Boys, who were accused of raping two white ‘women’ all while riding on a freight train. British authorities imprison Ho Chi Minh on June 17th exiled in Hong Kong for organizing opposition against the French rule in Vietnam. A prior banking disaster in Austria now causes German banks to suffer by July 14th, resulting in a cash flow problem which prompts money to flee to safety abroad; the Bank of England rescues the German banking system, triggering the French to withdraw its gold from Great Britain. The Soviet Union continues in its collectivization program and now at least fifty-eight percent of farmer holdings are collectivized, and 300,000 peasants and their families are rounded up and forced into exile by August 1st. The beginning of World War II is described by some to have begun when Japanese troops went on an offensive and advanced throughout Manchuria on September 18th. With the United States holding most of the world’s supply of gold, the Bank of England quits the gold standard on September 21st and creates a cheaper pound that will no longer be backed by gold. By October 9th, 522 commercial banks begin to close their doors due to a failed attempt in the United States to raise interest rates to end inflation by stopping the withdrawal of funds and gold in the U.S. by Europeans: hoping to contribute to economic recovery, the raising of interest rates contributes to a difficulty in borrowing money and leads to bank failures. On October 17th, Italian mafia gangster Al Capone is sentenced in the United States to eleven years of imprisonment for tax evasion. The British parliament declares Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Newfoundland and Ireland “fully independent dominions” on December 11th. Japan goes off the gold standard on December 13, 1931.

 

On January 8, 1932 the Archbishop of Canterbury, leader of the Church of England, forbids the church to remarry divorced individuals. During the entire month of January nearly one million peasants are estimated to die in the Soviet Union from famine because of their hostility toward the collectivization program in which peasants burn their own crops and destroy their tools and livestock. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation, headed by the U.S. President Hoover administration, begins its operation on February 2nd in an effort to give $2 billion in aid to state and local governments in making loans to banks, railroads, farm mortgage associations, and other ailing businesses. On February 25th, Adolf Hitler garners citizenship as a German natural; an event which opens the door for Hitler to run in the 1932 election for the political position of Reichspräsident (Head of State or President of Germany.) In Dearborn, Michigan, USA 3,000 unemployed Ford autoworkers are fired upon on March 7th by police when they march outside of the Ford automobile factory. April 10th, Hitler loses the election for Reichspräsident because moderate voters re-elect incumbent Hindenburg to defeat him. In the U.S., 15,000 veterans facing unemployment arrive in Washington D.C. on May 29th and demand the full payment of a bonus they were promised for serving in the World War. The nation’s first gasoline tax is created on June 6th by Congress and the Hoover administration in the U.S. A defender of the Catholic religious beliefs, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, becomes Portugal’s prime minister on July 6th and remains in power until 1968. Street fights erupt in Berlin, Cologne and Munich on July 17th during a communist and Nazis clash when 6,000 Nazis march on Altona, a communist suburb of Hamburg. July 28th, when the earlier veterans (now known as the Bonus Army) who arrived in Washington D.C. demanding full pay of their promised bonus began camping out in a park near the capital, the United States Attorney General orders local police to evacuate them and they begin firing upon them, killing two. Iraq celebrates the end of British rule on October 3rd, however, its nominal independence is undermined by the British creation of King Faisal as Chief of State, who Iraqis view as a foreigner. New York’s Democratic Governor, Franklin D. Roosevelt wins the U.S. Presidential election over incumbent Herbert Hoover with 57.4 percent of the American votes; Democrats become the majority party in the Senate and in the House and maintains the majority over the Republican Party for the next 20 years. Talks begin on November 21st between German Reichspräsident Hindenburg and Adolf Hitler regarding the formation of a new government.

 

On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler is appointed by Reichspräsident Hindenburg as Germany’s Reichskanzier (chancellor or prime minister,) many looked to Hitler as the fixer of Germany’s problems (a sort of great white hope of Germany.) By February 1st, Reichskanzier Hitler gives his “Proclamation” to the Nation of Germany. On February 27-28th, some rights of all German citizens are nullified with the passing of a decree allowing citizens to be detained; and Communist Party leaders are arrested when they are blamed for the burning of Germany’s parliament building. To stop the heavy and unwarranted withdrawal of gold and currency in the United States, newly elected President Roosevelt closes all U.S. banks on March 5th for a few days in his move against deflation; on the same day in Germany, Hitler and the Nazis Party begin a boycott of Jewish businesses throughout the nation. March 12th, President Roosevelt delivers his first fiery speech explaining to the U.S. people how some bankers revealed themselves to be incompetent or dishonest by the mishandling of the people’s funds in unwise loans. In Dachau, on March 20th, Hitler’s paramilitary leader: Heinrich Himmler opens the first Nazi concentration camp in Germany, which remains in operation until 1945. The Enabling Act is signed into law by Reichspräsident Hindenburg on March 23rd which enables Reichskanzier Hitler to make laws without consulting the Reichstag (parliament.) During the month of April, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a national state of emergency and Executive Order 6102 makes the ownership of gold illegal; beer with a 3.2 percent alcohol level is again legalized and the U.S. officially abandons the gold standard. Although the German communist party won 81 seats in the elections, by July 1st it is illegal to belong to any political party other than the Nazis; Germany has become a single-party state and the communist party is denied the win of their 81 seats. On July 20th, the Vatican and Pope Pius XI signs a concordant (agreement) with the new German government in their dislike and protest of fascism and communism. German school teacher Ewald Banse writes a book detailing the practice of forbidden biological warfare by the League of Nations; the German government bans the book and confiscates all copies on October 8th to protect its image abroad. Six days later, Germany announces it withdrawal from the League of Nations and on the 17th Albert Einstein arrives in the United States as a German refugee. Hitler assures the US Ambassador that attacks on Americans for not giving the Hitler salute would end. A paramilitary movement begins in Egypt to model itself after Hitler’s National Socialists, the leader is Ahmed Husayn and two 15-year-old members are: Gamal Abdel-Nasser and Anwar Sadat. To combat the unemployment of 4 million Americans, President Roosevelt unveil an organization -the Civil Works Administration- on November 8th designed to create jobs. As part of a ‘strategy of intimidation’ 200,000 Germans are locked up on December 31st who are seen as left-wing opponents of the German regime. And because of Stalin’s First Five-Year Plan, by the end of 1933 in the Ukrainian Soviet Republic, tens of thousands of inner city people die of starvation: farmers are transformed into slaves and the wastes of Siberia and Kazakhstan are transformed into a chain of concentration camps.

 

January 26, 1934, Hitler signs a non-aggression ten-year pact with Poland. A political crisis ensues in France after rightist riots escalates in Paris to overthrow a leftist coalition on February 6th. The Soviet Union signs an agreement with Great Britain on February 16th to begin trade between the two nations. On March 16th the Afro-Berbers of Morocco, Africa are crushed by the French after a three-week revolt. Fearing a resurgence from Germany, the Soviet Union extends its non-aggression pact with Poland and begins a massive armament program on April 4th. U.S. infamous gangster and bank robber John Dillinger of the Dillinger Terror Gang escapes the F.B.I. at the Little Bohemia Lodge near Mercer, Wisconsin when the F.B.I. mistakenly shoots a local resident and two Civilian Conservation Corps workers; Dillinger joins in on the gun fire and shoots his way out on April 22nd. During the month of May, even though the Dutch parliament grants its government the power to control the activities of extremist political movements and the power to prohibit the Nazis from holding political office, the National Socialists not only continues its activities, but increases in number as well. Hitler’s state visit to Italy on June 14th comes with the intentions of creating a closer relationship between himself and Mussolini. Forced labor by the French to open a 300-mile rail line to connect Brazzaville to the Atlantic coast on July 10th, kills nearly ten thousand over a ten-year period. On July 22nd in the U.S. the Chicago region F.B.I. shoots and kills the infamous John Dillinger as he exits a movie theater. At the death of Reichspräsident Hindenburg on August 2nd, Reichskanzier Hitler becomes head of state as well as chancellor, choosing to be called “Leader” rather than “President.” October 22nd, fellow Chicago gangster Pretty Boy Floyd, who escapes with Dillinger from the Little Bohemia Lodge months earlier, is also killed by the F.B.I. in Ohio, USA. By December 31st all grade school teachers in Italy must wear the black shirt and colors of the fascist party whenever they are in school.          

 

To be Continued…

Coming: Japhetic History The 20th Century Part 7

29d1fb9a4391b42f40f0366258910699Japhetic History – The 20th Century Part 6 Copyright 2018 by Dear Japheth Blog. All Rights Reserved. This Blog is intended for Accuracy of History, Giving Hope to the hopeless, and Freeing the Mind! 

 

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The very first transatlantic telephone call is made from New York City, US to London, England on January 7, 1927 via radio waves. A strike erupts on February 19th in Shanghai in protest of the presence of British troops; later, on March 5th, America sends 1,000 US Marines to protect “American” property in Shanghai. Two days later, the US Supreme Court rules “unconstitutional” the Texas law that banned African-American Negroes from voting. March 9th, fascist government in Italy revokes self-government in Libya. Hitler attacks agreements that Germany made at Locarno in his first speech after the Bavarians lift the ban against National Socialists (Nazis) on March 10th. Germany sees its first bloody street fights on March 19th between Nazis and Communists in Berlin; and Hitler holds his first Nazis meeting there on May 1st. On May 16th the US Supreme Court rules that illegal income can be taxed and sets out to prosecute Chicago’s mafia leader, Al Capone for tax evasion, with an estimated yearly income of $105 million from illegal gambling, prostitution and distilleries. Andrew Philip Kehoe, age 55, a white American farmer in Bath Township, Michigan, kills his wife, blows up an elementary school, killing 38, two teachers and 4 other adults before killing himself because he lost the election for township clerk on May 18th. The Treaty of Jeddah is signed on May 20th between King Ibn Saud and Great Britain, recognizing the sovereignty of Saud in Hejaz and Nejd. May 22nd, the US produces a settlement during a conference between the Liberals and Conservatives; the Liberals agree to turn in 11,600 rifles, 303 machine guns and more than 5 million rounds of ammunition. The United States Mississippi River continues to flood, killing 500 and displacing thousands on May 24th. A ten-year project which killed nearly ten thousand, was penned in a journal on June 1st by Frenchman André Gide in ‘Travels in the Congo’ when he concluded his travels through central Africa and French Equatorial Africa; the French were indignant because it unmasked the mistreatment of Africans who were “forced” to work on the construction of 300 miles of railroad from Brazzaville to Point Noire. “Live on and fight another day,” the sentiments of Augusto Sandino who lost 40 to 80 men when he began a war against US occupation of Nicaragua on July 16th. In the US, black-faced Al Jolson copies the Negroes’ Jazz style in the opening of “The Jazz Singer” on October 6th. Six unarmed miners are shot and killed when fired upon with machine guns during a coal miners strike on November 21st at the Columbine Mine in northern Colorado, USA. December 19th, Joseph Stalin emerges as the undisputed Soviet Party leader after a Communist Party Congress closes, and Marxist Leon Trotsky is sent into exile and later assassinated in Mexico in 1940.

 

Seventeen innocent bystanders are killed in an attempt to blow up Italy’s Prime Minister Mussolini in Milan on April 12, 1928. Another 22 are killed in a second bomb attack against Italian fascism on May 23rd at the consulate in Buenos Aires. On July 25th US President Calvin Coolidge signs a tariff treaty with the Chinese and recalls troops from China after recognizing Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang government as the legitimate government of China. Ethiopia signs a treaty with Italy after giving the future Emperor, Haile Selassie a luxurious Isotta-Fraschini limousine, among other gifts on August 2nd. White American rapist, Carl Panzram is arrested on August 16th for burglary and later hung amidst confessions of 22 murders and the sodomy of 1,000 young boys and men in Washington DC. United States Secretary of State, Frank B. Kellogg renunciates war in his Kellogg-Briand Pact, wanting to avoid US involvement in another European War after France seeks his assurance of US help on August 27th should another war erupt in Europe. Republican US presidential nominee, Herbert Hoover campaigns on the belief that “We are nearer today to the ideal of the abolition of poverty and fear from the lives of men and women than ever before in any land.” After winning the presidential election, Herbert Hoover enjoys the honors of the US Congress approving the renaming of the construction of Boulder Dam to Hoover Dam on December 21st.

 

January 6, 1929, King Alexander changes the name of his kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to Yugoslavia after proclaiming his kingdom a dictatorship. The Soviet Union, Poland, Estonia, Romania and Latvia signs the Litvinov Protocol in Moscow renouncing war on February 9th. Recognizing Catholicism as Italy’s only religion, Pope Pius XI as secretary of state representing a mortal man calling himself “The Holy See,” signs an agreement with the Kingdom of Italy on February 11th in hopes of Mussolini reconciling a totalitarian Italy under his dictatorship. The Chicago Saint Valentine’s Massacre in the United States results in the death of seven men being gunned down during competition amongst gangster mob activity on February 14th. Persia, who will later come to be recognized internationally as Iran, signs the Litvinov Protocol on April 3rd. Sidney, Australia’s drug-dealing gangsters battle out control in a 30 minute brawl with razors on May 7th in what has come to be known as “The Battle of Blood Alley.” On June 1st, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela gather in Buenos Aires for the First Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America. Not able to pinpoint the exact day in July of 1929, epidemiologist Larry Brilliant states that it is when the first known HIV virus jumps from an animal to a human (speculative as a result of a human being having sex with an animal.) During an uprising from August 16th – 30th, the Jews are convinced of the need for a separate state after they are accused of seizing Muslim holy places in Jerusalem; they are attacked by enraged Arab mobs who loot their homes, massacre a Jewish settlement in Hebron, bringing it to an end and killing 133 Jews; in turn, 110 Arabs are killed by British police. October 18th, women are proclaimed as legal “persons” in Britain and in Canada, women can be appointed to the Senate. December 28th, Western Samoans create a non-violent independence movement after New Zealand colonial police kill 11 unarmed demonstrators; and a day later, the All India Congress demands India’s independence from British rule.

 

January 26, 1930, Britain fails to recognize India’s “Purna Swaraj” (Declaration of Independence) organized by Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. Dictator, Miguel Primo de Rivera of Spain has lost support of the king and military due to The Great Depression and steps down on January 28th, to be succeeded by military men. Soviet peasants farmers are forced from their homes on February 20th and placed in freezing freight cars inbound for resettlement under police control to labor camps after the Soviet Union collectivizes peasant farms in order to move farming from small holdings to large-scale mechanized farms. February 10th, Vietnamese soldiers within the French colonial army, in collaboration with the Vietnamese Nationalist Party, organize the Yen Bai mutiny. Turks request that Constantinople be changed to Istanbul on the 28th of March. Intended as a barrier against German aggression, France commences building the structure of the Maginot Line on April 4th. In the breaking of a British law, which forbade Indians from making “salt,” Gandhi leads a 24-day 200 mile march to the sea; he is subsequently arrested and thrown into prison on April 6th. “Chittagong Rebellion” ensues in Bengal, India on April 18th when insurgents raid the armory seeking weapons for a violent overthrow of British rule. April 30th, the Soviet Union addresses Britain and France with a proposal for a military alliance in pursuance of national security. May 21st, skulls are fractured, consciousness is lost and several die as the British directs Indian police to brutally beat India’s insurgents fighting for freedom, who never lifted a hand as they were bludgeoned to unconsciousness and death, -Gandhi is arrested yet again. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act (legislative raising import duties) is signed into law on June 17th by US President Herbert Hoover. September 6th, Argentina’s General, José Félix Uriburu is successful in a military coup overthrowing the elected Democrat Hipólito Yrigoyen for president. The French stage executions and conduct punitive raids on Vietnamese villages after bombing a column of thousands of peasants who were headed to the provincial capital on September 9th. After The National Socialist (Nazi) Party wins 107 seats in parliament on September 14th, German manufacturing has fallen to 17% and unemployment has skyrocketed to 3,000,000! Ratifications are made to the first London Naval Treaty on October 27th, modifying the US Washington Naval Treaty of 1925, putting more limits on naval arms races between the United Kingdom, the United States, the Japanese Empire, France and Italy. November 2nd, Haile Selassie is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia –while a new religion is formed in Jamaica called “Rastafarians,” having roots in black-empowerment back to Africa movement to the Promised Land of Ethiopia. With The Great Depression taking its toil on the world economy, US President Herbert Hoover bids Congress on December 2nd for $150 million to help create jobs and to stimulate the American economy. Roman Pope Pius XI issues The Papal encyclical Casti Connubii on December 31st, stressing the sanctity of marriage and strengthening the ban on artificial birth control such as: condoms, diaphragms and cervical caps.

 

To be Continued…

Coming: Japhetic History The 20th Century Part 6

29d1fb9a4391b42f40f0366258910699Japhetic History – The 20th Century Part 5 Copyright 2018 by Dear Japheth Blog. All Rights Reserved. This Blog is intended for Accuracy of History, Giving Hope to the hopeless, and Freeing the Mind!