Posts Tagged ‘Stalingrad’


January 2-19, 1942, Japan goes on the war path and invades Manila, Indonesia, Borneo, New Guinea and Burma; second generation Japanese members of the Hawaii National Guard are discharged and regarded as “enemy-aliens,” while Japanese-Americans are segregated out of US Army units on the US mainland on the 23rd. The previous summer’s German siege of Leningrad in the Soviet Union -present-day St. Petersburg- begin to show signs of starvation and cannibalism by the 25th, citizens of Leningrad are beginning to eat their pets. Hitler’s regime learns about the Wunderwaffen on February 26th by German physicist Werner Heisenberg, a new atomic wonder weapon. On February the 28th and the following week or so, Japan lands troops on Java and New Guinea and procures control of the Dutch East Indies, closing all European schools, banks and putting all Dutch males in prison camps. In Lublin, Poland, Jews are removed from ghetto camps on the 21st of March and sent to extermination camps. Japanese-Americans are more numerous in Hawaii, but the ones from the war zone areas of the Pacific Coast are who the US Government begin to move to internment camps two days after the Jews in Poland are moved to extermination camps. By March 27th, box cars of Jews begin arriving from all over Europe to the extermination camp in Auschwitz, Poland; the Jews make up 60% of the prisoners. March 31st, the Soviet Union is shamed by a failed attempt to free Leningrad; and a discrepancy of the death toll ensues between 20,000 and 300,000. Considered as a “Japanese War Crime,” The Bataan Death March begins on April 9th where the forcible transfer to Camp O’Donnell by the Imperial Japanese Army of roughly 60,000 to 80,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war over approximately 69 miles brought a disputed estimate death toll of 18,000 Filipino deaths and 650 American deaths due to physical abuse and vicious excessive killings. Despite causing no substantial damage, the USA is quite optimistic over their sixteen-bomber strike against Tokyo on the 18th of April. One-thousand American/Filipino army force in Manila Bay surrenders on May 6th to the Japanese. Planning to secure oil fields in a strategy to siege the port of Sevastopol in the Crimea, Hitler passes on the 8th of May in the Caucasus region of the Soviet Union. May 12th, an American cargo ship in the mouth of the Mississippi River is sunk by a German U-boat; while 1,500 Jews are being gassed at the extermination camp in Auschwitz, Poland. Roughly 170,000 Russians of the Soviet army become prisoners of war on May 20th as Hitler eradicates the Soviet army in the Crimea; just nine days later, another 250,000 are captured as the Germans move into the Kharkov region of the Soviet Union.

 

June 1st, the United States of America aids the Soviet Union by sending Lend-Lease materials (food, oil, supplies, warships and warplanes.) Reinhard Heydrich, Germany’s Governor in Prague, is wounded on the 2nd of June when two Czech commandos parachute into their homeland and attack. Between June 4-7th in the Battle of Midway, the United States outwits Japan and permanently damages its Naval striking power. In Lidice of the Czech Republic, 173 males are massacred on the 10th when German Governor Reinhard Heydrich dies from his wounds. By June 21st, the war between The Soviet Union and Germany enters its second year; 8.7 million Russian military personnel will die to Germany’s 2,415,690. July 13th, the Germans execute another 5,000 Jews at Rovno, in the Polish Ukraine and another 1,500 are shot in Josefov. As German Catholic leaders protest, in Paris the police round up 12,887 and send them to the Drancy Interment Camp; while Jews in the Netherlands are being sent to their deaths on the 16th of July. Between July 28-31st, another estimated 10,000 Jews are exterminated by the Germans in Minsk, Byelorussia. August 4th, the first train load of Jews depart from Belgium to the extermination camp in Auschwitz. Three days later, ethnic Estonians part of the 36th Nazi Police Battalion massacre 2,500 Jews at Novogrudok, Byelorussia. In Los Angeles, California USA, between August 10-11th, the police incarcerate in the vicinity of 600 Mexicans and charge them with suspicion of assault or suspicion of robbery. Labor strikes and demonstrations against the British break out across India on August 13th during what became known as “Quit India,” a movement of boycotting British goods and telling Britain to quit India. August 22nd, Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy. Seven thousand more Jews are rounded up on the 26th in Vichy France; while a Russian offensive west of Moscow manages to push back the Germans 15 to 20 miles. September 1st, the German army has reached within 62 miles of the Caucasus Mountains, an area of the Soviet Union producing one of the richest petroleum. A United States forest near Brookings, Oregon fails to ignite after incendiary bombs are dropped from a Japanese float plane launched from a submarine on September 9th, but in Zhejiang, China, more than 400 die of the bubonic plague after Japan successfully drops germ bombs on villagers. The tide of war turns against Germany to defeat on the 23rd of September when a counter-offensive is launched at Stalingrad by the Russians. In October, the German policy on exterminating Jews is amended to include them, along with banning the execution of hostile Belarussians to send them to Germany as forced laborers to deal with the lack of labor power in the war against the Soviet Union. October 23rd, the Brits begin an offensive artillery torrent at El Alamein in Egypt; quite possibly the vastest artillery assault since World War I. October 27th, in Starachowice, Poland, the strong Jews are set apart from the weak ones; the strong are sent by the Germans to work as forced laborers, while the weak Jews are herded to the extermination camp at Treblinka, Poland. In the United States, the chief of the Foreign Relations Bureau of the Los Angeles sheriff’s office, Captain Edward E. Duran Ayres, submits an official report alleging Mexicans to be essentially Orientals and therefore are inferior to Europeans, having a “nature of violence” and a tendency to ”kill.” On October 29th, 16,000 more Jews are violently exterminated by European Nazi Germany in the Soviet city of Pinsk. An Anglo-American force (Britain and United States) overtake French colonies in Morocco and Algeria on the 8th of November, this leads to Vichy France breaking diplomatic ties with the United States. Three days later, 745 French Jews are deported to the extermination camp at Auschwitz. Between November 13-15th, the United States loses 1,500 men in the war against Japan at Guadalcanal; and another 526 in Operation Torch with the Vichy French troops in Algeria. November 29th, the Germans industriously attempts to deliver supplies to more than 200,000 men trapped in Stalingrad; but within weeks, Mussolini foresees an unwinnable two-front war and sends an envoy to Hitler to discuss a peace settlement with the Soviet Union. December 16th, the Soviet Union forces plunder Roman and Italian troops at the River Don about 100 miles outside of Stalingrad. December 31st, only about 10% of the supplies from Germany to 200,000 men trapped in Stalingrad have been delivered; while German transport aircrafts are being intercepted by Soviet anti-craft fire and fighter planes.

 

January 1, 1943, in order to avoid a cut off by Soviet forces from the northeast in the Caucasus region, Germany’s 1st Panzer army retreats. Finland already sees Germany as losing the war when seven Soviet armies launch “Operation Ring” on January 4th against the Germans at Stalingrad. On January 18th, in a six-day offensive -Operation Iskra- the Soviet Union break German hold and establishes a land bridge to Leningrad; while the Jews in Warsaw’s Jewish Ghetto rise up and attempt to defend themselves. Mihai Antonrscu, Romania’s foreign minister, ask Mussolini to begin negotiations with the Allies on January 19th. A day later, seeing the handwriting on the wall, Chile’s government breaks diplomatic ties with Germany, Italy and Japan. January 21st, on the French territory, the Italian occupation authorities refuse to deport Jews; and the British forces capture Tripoli from the Germans on the 23rd. US President Roosevelt, UK Prime Minister Churchill and French leaders: Henri Giraud and Charles DeGaulle at a 10-day meeting in Casablanca on January 24th, reckon that the war must end with absolute surrender of all enemy nations; but Hitler orders his German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death. January 27th, the United States make a bomb raid on Berlin, followed by the British joining in three days later on the 30th.  What began on December 17, 1942, “Little Saturn,” a Soviet offensive against Germany ends on January 31st with the German commander, Field Marshal Paulus, 16 German generals and German troops surrendering at Stalingrad. February 16th, students paint the words “Freedom” and “Down with Hitler” on university buildings in Munich, Germany. Churches in the Netherlands finally lead a protest of the persecution of Jews on the 17th of February. A Munich professor and five students are beheaded on February 22nd after their graffiti on university buildings is reported as treason. Jews in the Netherlands are deported to the Sobibor concentration camp on the second of March. After Japan’s attempt to put 100,000 troops from Japan and China on New Guinea, at the five-day Battle of Bismarck Sea on March 5th, only about 800 Japanese troops make it to New Guinea; much of Japan’s navy is destroyed and about 2,890 sailors and soldiers are killed. April 19th, the Germans launch a large-scale attack against the Jews fighting to defend themselves in the Warsaw ghetto; the uprising is defeated a little more than a month later. The Italians and Germans are defeated in North Africa on May 13th by the Anglo-American, British and US forces.

 

July 5-12th, in the largest armored engagement of battles, the Soviet Red Army at Kursk with 20,000 artillery pieces, 1,300,000 men, 2,400 aircraft and 3,600 tanks crush Germany’s Hitler with 2,700 tanks and assault guns, 800 men and 1,800 aircraft. Anglo-American forces land in Sicily, Italy on the 10th of July; Germans begin to evacuate Sicily a day later. July 11th, a cowardice Mussolini visits Hitler and in seeking Germany’s protection agrees to give Germany control over Italy’s military; and the United States air force bombs Rome. Mussolini is arrested on July 25th and a new Italian government is formed. August 6th, Sweden cancels its passage agreement with Germany. Marshal Pietro Badoglio, head of the new Italian government, on a radio broadcast on the 8th of September announces that hostility against the Anglo-American forces will cease. September 12th, Mussolini is rescued from prison in the Abruzzi mountains by the Germans who launch an attack against the Allied Anglo-American forces at the Gulf of Salerno, south of Naples, Italy. Marshal Pietro Badoglio has informed US General Eisenhower that he “His Majesty The King of Italy” has declared war on Germany on October 13th. Ball-bearing factories at Schweinfurt, Germany are bombed by US air forces on October 14th. The Soviet army takes Kiev, Ukraine on the 6th of November. A total of 4,690 are killed and only 110 Japanese survive after 17 aircraft carriers, 66 destroyers and 36 transports, 8 heavy and 4 light cruisers and 12 battleships carrying 35,000 US marines and the Army’s partial 27th Infantry Division attack 24 islands of the Tarawa Atoll in the Battle of Tarawa between November 20-23rd. US President Roosevelt meets with UK’s Prime Minister Churchill and China’s Generalissimo Chiang Kai‑shek in Cairo, Egypt between the 22nd and 26th of November and establishes that Japan will be stripped of the Pacific islands seized since World War I and that all territories stolen from China will be returned to the Republic of China. December 24th, US General Eisenhower is made supreme commander of the Allied invasion of western Europe.

 

To be Continued…

Coming: Japhetic History The 20th Century Part 11

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