Posts Tagged ‘Hawaii’


By the turn of the 19th Century, while slavery is yet thriving in the New World, conditions in Great Britain are so poor that the average life expectancy is only 40. European methods of capital punishment (hanged, beheaded, drawn, and then quartered) seem to be disturbing to even the public opinion of its own people. War is intensifying in the Middle East between the Sunni and Shiite divisions of the Muslim religion. Arriving Russian ships are rejected by Japan for trade, as the Russians sail on to the Hawaiian Islands. Nearly half of the Hawaiian population, 150,000, is dying from an unknown disease left behind by the Eurasian Russians.

 

Haiti claims independence from France two years after its leader, Toussaint L’Ouverture is tricked and captured by France and shipped off to prison. By 1805, war continues in Europe between the Brits and the French, with Spain allying with the French and Russia; Austria and Sweden allying with Britain. In 1806 a British naval force takes control over a Dutch Cape Colony in South Africa. A year later the Brits outlaw slave trading in the Atlantic for its own ships and ships allied with Napoleon, while the US Congress bans the importation of slaves into the United States; a law which was largely ignored by the US southern states. Muhammad Ali Pasha enlists the help of the French to drive out the Brits from Egypt. An 1808 armed uprising is led by Mexico and Argentina against Spanish authority in is American colonies. In 1809 the Russians are driven out of Hawaii on their return trip to the islands after building a fort in Honolulu in hopes of trading. Hawaiian ruler King Kamehameha gains control over the island of Kauai and now rules over all of the Hawaiian Islands by year 1810.

 

In early 1811, 200 to 500 slaves near the region of New Orleans joined together, motivated by the successful revolt and freedom of Haiti, and stole arms against their oppressive slave masters to kill for their freedom. In 1812, US Congress declares war against “His Britannic Majesty,” beginning the three year war of The War of 1812. By 1820, the combined area of Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ohio and Tennessee has 6x the number of Europeans than what it had twenty years earlier. Despite promises to end slavery, the US becomes the world’s biggest producers of raw cotton using free slave labor. Eighty-six freed slaves arrive in western Africa in 1822 on a strip of land purchased by Officials of the American Colonization society in which they called Christopolis at Cape Mesurado on the Atlantic Coast.

 

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 is signed by US President Andrew Jackson, ripping the Cherokee and other eastern Nations from their homes and banishing them west of the Mississippi River. Sam Sharpe, an African Jamaican Baptist deacon, learns from the Bible that all men are created equal and that Europe wants an end to slavery, he orders a sit-down strike against harvest time and is hanged in 1831. Black Hawk of the Fox Indians in Illinois is defeated in 1832. One year later, ‘On War’ by Carl von Clausewitz is published; Clausewitz’s viewpoint on the only proper defense against the violence of others was for victims to become violent, noting that war was a political act for political goals. Britain’s Abolition of Slavery goes into effect in 1834, while Canadian slaves had been freed years earlier. The southern states in the US begin to expel abolitionists in 1835 and forbid the mailing of anti-slavery literature. In 1837, The US declines to accept Britain’s invitation to participate in international patrols to bar slave ships. The Trail of Tears in 1838 becomes the result of US President Andrew Jackson’s ‘Indian Removal Act’ where nearly 4,000 Cherokees lost their lives while being forcefully removed westward to Oklahoma. The Amistad, a Cuban schooner slave trading ship, is taken into custody in 1839 by US authorities after its fifty-three Africans on board revolted and took control of the ship, attempting to sail back to Africa.

 

The four big powers of Europe force Egypt to relinquish control over Syria in 1840 and Britain occupies the port of Aden in south Yemen to secure it against the Egyptians. US population has reached 18 million, while railway tracks built by slave labor has grown from 100 to 3,500 miles, and cotton factories have increased to 1,200 with nearly two-thirds of them being in New England. In 1841, the US Supreme court decide, in regards to the Africans aboard the Amistad, that they are not legally slaves and are free to return to Africa. Mexican forces drive a Texas army from The President of the Republic of Texas back to Texas in its attempt to annex New Mexico and California. The Hawaiian Islands gain recognition as an independent state from Britain and France in 1843. The Protection of Children’s Act is passed in Australia, allowing “Church” missionaries to kidnap African Aboriginal children in order to “civilize” them; an Act which continues until the 1960’s! Mexico breaks relations with The United States in 1845, after Congress approves the annexation of Texas. The speedy shipment of potatoes containing mold from the Americas to Europe across the Atlantic causes a failure in the crop and starvation in Ireland. In 1846, Ahmad Bey, ruler of Tunisia, propagates a decree that abolishes slavery. Mexico loses Los Angeles to The United States in 1847, ending the war in California; and one year later, the war between Mexico and The United States ends with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Private ownership of land is allowed with the great Mahele (land division) in the Hawaiian Islands, allowing foreigners to buy land. An epidemic of cholera in New York City, killing 5,000 among the poor Irish, is believed to be punishment from God in 1849.

 

To be Continued…

Coming: Japhetic History – The 19th Century Part 2

29d1fb9a4391b42f40f0366258910699Japhetic History – The 19th Century Part 1 Copyright 2016 by Dear Japheth Blog. All Rights Reserved. This Blog is intended for Accuracy of History, Giving Hope to the hopeless, and Freeing the Mind!