In 1850, US Congress passes a Fugitive Slave Act mandating government support for the capture of escaped slaves. “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” is published in 1852 and the South makes owning a copy illegal, says the novel is exaggeration. The British makes a profit by selling and introducing opium into the lower Burma culture. In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Japan with 967 men, attempting to intimidate the Japanese into opening their ports and trading with The United States. An epidemic of cholera breaks out in London after scientist John Snow makes a claim that cholera is carried in the water and food, making it possible to ingest the bacteria; samples of the water from the infected area were tested and found under a microscope to be contaminated. The City of Chicago in 1855 is the first in The United States to adopt a plan for the first comprehensive city sewer. In 1857 The Supreme Court of The United States, in the case of Dred Scott vs. Sanford (the lawsuit of a slave suing for his freedom,) rules that African-Americans, free or slave, are not citizens and have no recourse in federal courts. John Brown is hanged in 1859 after creating an armed rising to begin a war for the liberation of all slaves in The United States.

 

Jews are allowed for the first time to vote in Britain in 1860. Abraham Lincoln becomes the second President of The United States in 1861, and The American Civil War begins. The South creates a panic and threatens secession in fear of Lincoln’s possible interference with the institution of slavery, even though he reassures the South that he would not interfere, directly or indirectly. The population of whales begins a downward decline as whale oil becomes the primary fuel for lighting lamps, giving way to the popularity of oil wells as an alternative fuel source. German workers in a mirror factory are discovered to be the victims of mercury poisoning after losing all of their teeth, while children in Britain working in non-textile factories are found to be the victims of occupational diseases. In 1862, the Lakota Sioux Indians massacre 1,000 people on the Minnesota frontier after miners began invading the Rocky Mountains and the plains; one year later, 38 Lakota Sioux are hanged before angry whites in Mankato, Minnesota. The Second Confiscation Act of 1862 gave Southern Confederate supporters 60 days to surrender or face confiscation of land and slaves. The Executive Order of President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation becomes law in 10 states in 1863, freeing roughly 4 million slaves and under a “freedmen” status, allowing them to enroll into paid service of The United States forces to fight against their former slave owners. As a result of the Civil War in America, Russia is cut off from its primary source of Cotton, who subsequently sends its military into Central Asia (where sparsely underdeveloped tribal Muslims reside) to confiscate their Cotton.

 

In 1865, white miners invade Colorado Territory, dislocating Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians, causing a Cheyenne-Arapaho war against whites that resulted in a massacre of Indians which included women and children. The American Civil War ends, General Robert E. Lee surrenders and the Northern Union wins; President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated. The Winnebago Indians are removed from Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota and placed on a reservation in Nebraska. The first plantation workers of 600pl from China and Japan arrive in the Hawaiian Islands in 1866. The Russian government of Tsar Alexander II sells Alaska to The United States in 1867. An army including a black militia is sent to the South by a Republican majority Congress to enforce the law of The Reconstruction Act after Congress overrides President Andrew Jackson’s veto; laws that would provide for a more efficient government of the Confederate Rebel States of the South after The American Civil War. Five all-black colleges are founded in the US: Howard University in Washington D.C., Morgan State College in Maryland, Talladega College in Alabama, St. Augustine’s College and Johnson C. Smith College in North Carolina. The 14th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified in 1868, overturning the Dred Scott case and granting to all persons (including African-Americans) born or naturalized in The United States the right of citizenship and equal protection under the law; however, Civil rights are not extended to Indians or anyone who has held office in the Confederacy. Indian Chief Black Kettle, his family and followers of the Cheyenne tribe are slaughtered by George Custer on the Washita river within borders of the Cheyenne reservation in western Oklahoma.

 

1870, Diamond deposits are discovered in southern Africa in Griqualand that attract Diamond diggers from Africa, Europe, Australia and the Americas. By 1872 all former Confederate States have returned to the Union, and An Amnesty Act restores the vote to those whites in the South who had been denied it. In 1875, gold is discovered in an area that the US government promised would be the Sioux forever: the Black Hills of South Dakota. The former Confederate States resume their bigotry, once restored to the Union, and in 1876, through the popularity of the conservative party, establishes a “redeemed” government that limits black votes by complicating ballot boxes, instituting literacy tests and poll taxes. The Sioux and Cheyenne warriors annihilate Lieutenant George Custer and 210 of his Seventh Cavalry at Little Big Horn. Colonel Nelson Miles defeats the Sioux and Cheyenne, the Crow and Blackfeet Indians are ejected from their reservation, holdings of the Ute Indians are confiscated and whites invade territory that was promised to the peaceful Nez Perce Indians in 1877. While the US economy takes a nose dive, 3 million men become unemployed; in San Francisco, white men are bitter over the wealthy hiring Chinese and the popular slogan is invented: “The Chinese must go.” The largest native South African people of the Bantu tribe, the Zulu, defeats the British, killing 800 after the British tried to order King Cetshwayo to disband his army of 6 thousand strong in 1878. An epidemic of the Yellow Fever begins in 1879 in New Orleans.

 

To be Continued…

Coming: Japhetic History – The 19th Century Part 3

29d1fb9a4391b42f40f0366258910699Japhetic History – The 19th Century Part  2 Copyright 2016 by Dear Japheth Blog. All Rights Reserved. This Blog is intended for Accuracy of History, Giving Hope to the hopeless, and Freeing the Mind! 

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