Archive for August, 2016

Part 2: The English, French & Spanish Conquest of The New World

1607 AD, England founded the English settlement in Jamestown, North America and one year later the French built a settlement in present-day Quebec, Canada, while the Dutch invades Australia. Year 1618 is the start of the Thirty Year’s War and by Year 1619 more Africans are sold into slavery and transported to the West Indies to replace those killed under the harsh conditions of the sugar industry, while the colonies in Jamestown receive their first Africans as slaves from the Dutch to work in the tobacco fields. In 1620 traveling Puritans are blown off course and arrive in Massachusettes, after hardships and perils of life, the Puritan Pilgrims are rescued by Chief Massasoit and ninety of his warriors of the Wampanoag Tribe; this rescue and celebration of thankfulness later became known in the United States as “Thanksgiving.” Madagascar is invaded in 1626 by the French, while the Dutch purchase Manhattan Island from the Wappinger Confederacy of Canarsie Chiefs. A fort is built in the Gold Coast, Africa in 1631 by the English followed later by the French who establishes an outpost on the Senegal River for trading slaved Africans. The Americus Indians fight back and in 1638 a raid on the Massachusetts Bay Colony by the Pequot Tribe leaves 600 European settlers dead. Four years later, in 1642, a massacre is ordered against the Wappinger Indians by New Amsterdam’s Dutch governor (renamed New York by the English in 1665.) The Peace of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year’s War in 1648 after Germany loses a third of its population: a settlement is reached with an agreement for tolerance between Catholics and Protestants. In London, 70,000 die in one week by The Black Plague in 1665. Within one year many believe the Judgment of God is upon the English as much of London burns throughout the year as a result of big fires: officials investigate the possible cause of atheism in London. In 1676, Metacom (son of Chief Massasoit who rescued the Puritan Pilgrims on Thanksgiving Day in 1621) was defeated by the settlers in war: his wife and eight year old son were sold into slavery and shipped to Bermuda, while he was cut into quarters and hung from fours trees as his head was mounted on a pike at Fort Plymouth where it remained for more than two decades.


By 1700, more Europeans learn to read. The Tuscarora War begins in 1711 when the Tuscarora Indians attack the European settlers in North Carolina. Africans sold into slavery rebel a year later in New York killing six white Europeans. In 1741, 152 Africans and 20 whites are convicted and hung to death or burned for setting fires in Lower Manhattan. The average exportation of Africans sold into slavery per year reaches 60,000 in 1750. By 1755, whites in Britain’s Atlantic coast colonies have increased in population from year 1700 from 275,000 to 1.5 million, while Africans sold into slavery numbers roughly at 470,000! The French resistance ends in North America in 1760 with the British arms emerging as the victors. The French loses Louisiana to Spain, while Spain cedes Florida to Britain at the end of The Seven Year’s War in 1763. In this same year, many tribes in the Great Lakes region (territory ceded to Britain by the French) become dissatisfied with British policies and attack settlements in what became known as Pontiac’s War of Chief Pontiac of the Ottawa tribe. This led to British attempts to infect the Indians with smallpox by giving to them blankets that had been exposed to the virus. A year later, in 1764, The Pennsylvania Assembly, with the Governor’s approval, reintroduces a paid bounty for the scalps of every Indian killed above the age of ten, including females! By 1766, a debt stricken Britain is looking to the British-American colonies to pay taxes to help offset debt from Britain’s military commitment in preventing Indian uprisings. Enslaved Africans founded a Baptist Church in South Carolina Colony in 1773. The eight year American Revolutionary War begins in 1775. Vermont establishes itself as a colony with a constitution in 1777 and abolishes slavery. The State of Pennsylvania passes a law freeing children born of enslaved Africans after this Act in 1780; all children born to enslaved Africans prior to this Act are to remain enslaved for life. In 1783, King George of Great Britain declares the thirteen American colonies “free and independent.” The Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusettes ruled that slavery was illegal and all of its African population were immediately freed from bondage and enslavement. George Washington is elected first President of The United States in 1787 and the Bill of Rights is added as ten amendments to the Constitution. After losing the thirteen colonies, Britain is no longer able to send prisoners from its overcrowding prisons to the Americus and begin to send them to Australia in 1788. In 1799, a frail President George Washington with less than five months to live, give directives in his will and testament to free his more than 100 African slaves.


To be Continued…

Coming: Japhetic History – The 19th Century


29d1fb9a4391b42f40f0366258910699Japhetic History – The Invasion of Western Europe Part 2 Copyright 2016 by Dear Japheth Blog. All Rights Reserved. This Blog is intended for Accuracy of History, Giving Hope to the hopeless, and Freeing the Mind!